Therapeutic aesthetics?

Chaired by Rebecca Gill (University of Huddersfield), this session examined the links between military and civilian cultures rehabilitation during the ‘long’ Second World War. Since the nineteenth century, humanitarians have encouraged the production of handicrafts by wounded soldiers and displaced people for the purposes of fundraising, overcoming mental strains, ‘re-masculinising’ war victims or fostering ‘national’ …

Hegemonic Humanitarian Aid? Rethinking American Humanitarianism

Our fourth session focused on American power, resistance to and ‘renegotiation’ of this power. As Andrew Buchanan recently argues in ‘Globalizing the Second World War’ (article available here), the single most significant outcome of the ‘long’ Second World War (1931-1953) was the ‘the volcanic eruption of the American nation state and the consolidation of its …

Humanitarian Intimacies: Gender, Care and Humanitarianism

Recent histories have been increasingly interested in the ways in which humanitarian practices, discourses, norms and emotions have been shaped by gendered constructions and hierarchies. The aim of our third session was to take stock of some of these recent historiographical contributions and discuss, through for stimulating papers, how key concepts, such as ‘care’, ‘intimacy’ …

Second Seminar Session: ‘Race, Military Psychiatry and Mental Health’

We held our second seminar on ‘Race, Military Psychiatry and Mental Health’ on 11 January. Chaired by Guillaume Lachenal (Sciences Po), the aim of this seminar was to discuss how specific racial, gendered and environmental tropes fed into psychiatric discourses and practices in the era of the ‘long’ Second World War. The seminar was attended …

First Seminar session: “The Partisans of Humanitarianism: The origins of the ‘Long’ Second World War” – 7 December 2021

On 7 December, 26 of us participated in the first session of our seminar series exploring new approaches to medical care, humanitarianism, and violence during the ‘Long’ Second World War (1931-1953). This first session focused on the origins of the Second World War as seen by partisans of humanitarianism. Thanks to our chair, Jean-François Fayet …

 IHSA Conference – History of attacks on healthcare

Last November, following on our previous workshop on the history of violence against healthcare, we put together a panel focused on the history of attacks on healthcare for the International Humanitarian Studies Association’s annual conference in Sciences Po Paris (program of the conference here: ihsa-conference-schedule; more info about the conference here: https://conference.ihsa.info/ ). Xavier Crombé …

Médecine aux armées, médecine clandestine : une histoire comparée du soin dans la France libre et la Résistance intérieure (1940-1944)

Raphaële Balu a présenté le projet et la manière dont son étude de cas s’y inscrit dans le cadre de la journée « Jeunes chercheurs »,  tenue au Mémorial de Caen le 14 octobre 2021. Le programme de cet événement ainsi que les résumés des présentations sont disponibles sur le carnet de recherche « Autour de la …

Rethinking medical neutrality and enemy encounters during World War Two: perspectives for further research

Last month, Frances Hougthon, Laure Humbert and Raphaële Balu presented papers at the conference ‘Enemy Encounters’ hosted by the IWM Institute for the Public Understanding of War and Conflict and Cardiff University. This fascinating and thought-provoking online conference organized by Prof. Holly Furneaux and Matilda Greig explored enmity and allegiances at war between 1800 and …

Au prisme des archives spiritaines : La France libre, l’Église catholique et la Croix-Rouge en Afrique-Équatoriale française

Mes recherches actuelles portent sur le rôle du mouvement de la Croix-Rouge – composé du Comité international de la Croix-Rouge, de la Fédération internationale des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge (ancienne Ligue des Sociétés de Croix-Rouge) et des Sociétés nationales de Croix-Rouge – en Afrique subsaharienne durant la période coloniale. Alors que le …